Lesson three

Iceland has 18,000 earthquakes in a week

 

 

 

 

It's a little hard to believe, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the space of a week. Most of them have been too small to feel. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a magnitude 5.6. The seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about to erupt. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been dormant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption could be imminent. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasional tremor. However, swarms of quakes have unsettled residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has been very little damage.

 

Iceland is situated on top of the meeting of tectonic plates deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick on which Earth's land mass sits. The plates below Iceland are continually splitting apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow rate. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is inevitable. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his anxiety caused by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many in a row. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and powerless against nature."

 

Synonyms (1)

Synonyms (2)

Pragraph One

Pragraph Two

Words to focus on

Natural disasters

Question 

 

 

 

Synonyms (1)

A little

to a lesser extent

تا حد کمی

 

Hard

challenging

چالش آمیز / چالش بر انگیز

 

Believe

accept as true

بعنوان حقیقت پذیرفتن

 

Experience

undergo

تحمل کردن

 

go through

تجربه کردن/ بلایی سر کسی امدن

 

ride out

جان سالم به در بردن از چیزی

 

Earthquake

seismic activity

فعالیت زمین لرزه ای

 

tremor

لرزش

 

In the space of

during

در طی

 

Most

majority

اکثریت

 

Too

excessively

به شکل مفرط/ در حد زیادی

 

Small

minor

خفیف

slight

ناچیز

 

Feel

notice

متوجه شدن

 

Quake

seism

لرزه

 

tremor

لرزش

 

 

Erupt

explode

منفجر شدن

 

Dormant

inactive

غیر فعال

Quiescent

ساکن و خاموش

 

1000 years

millennium

هزاره

 

100 years

century

قرن

 

10 years

decade

دهه

 

Imminent

impending

قریب الوقوع

 

in the pipeline

نزدیک -بیخ گوش

 

Island

key

جزیره (کوچک و نزدیک ساحل)

peninsula

شبه جزیره

archipelago

مجمع و الجزایر

 

Be used to

be accustomed to

خو داشتن به / عادت داشتن به

 

Unsettle

agitate

سراسیمه کردن

 

Little

trivial

ناچیز- بی اهمیت

 

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Pragraph One

It's  to , but Iceland has 18,000 a week. of them have been to . The largest was on February 24 and was a magnitude 5.6. The seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about to . Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been for over , but seismologists believe an eruption could be . Iceland is a volcanic and the occasional tremor. However, swarms of quakes have residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has been very damage.

 

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Synonym (2)

 

Situated

located

واقع شده

 

positioned

قرار گرفته

 

Piece

fragment

بخش - تکه

 

Around

approximately

تقریبا

 

Below

beneath

زیر/ در قسمت زیرین

 

Infinitesimally

inconsiderably

به شکل غیر قابل ملاحظه ای

 

insignificantly

به شکل غیر چشمگیری

 

Rate

pace

سرعت

 

Mean

signify

معنی دادن/ حاکی بودن از

 

denote

علامت چیزی بودن / معنی دادن

 

 

Inevitable

unavoidable

غیر قابل اجتناب

inescapable

حتمی (چیزی که نتوان از ان فرار کرد)

 

Resident

inhabitant

ساکن / مقیم

 

denizen

سکونت گر (رسمی - حیوان گیاه و انسان)

 

Anxiety

nervousness

اضطراب

 

apprehension

دلواپسی ( آینده)از

 

Cause

trigger

برانگیختن

 

In a row

one after the other

یکی پس از دیگری

 

consecutively

پیاپی

 

Unusual

uncommon

غیر رایج

 

few and far between

نادر - بندرت پیش میاد

 

Powerless

feeble

نزار - سست

 

Against 

compared to

در مقایسه با

 

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Pragraph Two

Iceland is on top of the meeting of tectonic plates deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are of Earth's crust 100km thick on which Earth's land mass sits. The plates Iceland are continually splitting apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an slow . Living on a tectonic plate  seismic activity is . One Reykjavik spoke about his by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many. It is very to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and nature."

 

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Words to focus on

 hard / earthquakes / magnitude / volcano / eruption / imminent / residents / damage/ meeting / plates / land mass / rate / inevitable / anxiety / unusual / in a row / nature

 

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NATURAL DISASTERSRank these with your partner. Put the most dangerous at the top at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Volcanoes
  • Earthquakes
  • Floods
  • Sandstorms
  • Tsunamis
  • Wildfires
  • Hurricanes
  • Blizzards

 

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Questions

  1. What did you think when you read the headline?
  2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'earthquake'?
  3. What do you know about earthquakes?
  4. What do you think of earthquakes?
  5. What do you know about Iceland?
  6. Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
  7. What should you do in an earthquake?
  8. What do you know about volcanoes?
  9. Would you move if you lived near a volcano?
  10. Is a volcano or earthquake more dangerous?
  11. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
  12. What do you think of when you hear the word 'Earth'?
  13. What do you think about what you read?
  14. What do you know about the earth's crust?
  15. What might Earth look like if the plates keep moving?
  16. When was the last time you were anxious?
  17. What would you do if there were earthquakes for a week?
  18. What advice do you have for people in Iceland?
  19. What do you think of the power of nature?
  20. What questions would you like to ask a volcano expert?