Lesson two

The smallest reptile

 

Scientists say they have discovered what could be the smallest reptile in the world. It is a kind of chameleon and is the size of a sunflower seed. Chameleons are usually around 35-40cm long. Scientists found two of the tiny lizards - a male and a female - in the mountains in northern Madagascar. They are just 22mm long from nose to tail. The length of the male's body is 13.5mm. At first, the scientists thought the tiny reptiles were juveniles, but later realised they were fully-grown adults. The scientists called the miniature creatures nano-chameleons. The scientists tried to find more of the nano-chameleons, but "despite great effort" could not find any others.

 

Madagascar is home to two-thirds of the world's chameleon species. Scientists believe they may have originated there. However, the chameleon's survival is threatened by deforestation on the island. One of the scientists said the nano-chameleons are lucky to survive. He said: "The nano-chameleon's habitat has unfortunately been subject to deforestation, but the area was placed under protection recently, so the species will survive." A study published by the journal "Nature Climate Change" stated that nearly all of Madagascar's eastern rainforest could disappear by 2070 if deforestation and climate change does not slow down. This would put many of the island's unique species in danger.

 

Table of contents

1- Synonyms (1)

2- Paragraph (1)

3- Synonyms (2)

4- Paragraph (2)

5- Words to focus on

 

 

 

1- Synonyms (1)

  BACK

2- Paragraph (1)

3- Synonyms (2)

4- Paragraph (2)

Scientist 

Expert

کارشناس

 

Maven 

خبره

 

Boffin

دانشمند- مخ (محاوره ای در برتانیا)

 

Intellectual

متفکر

Discover

Track down

پیدا کردن ( بعد از جستجوی بسیار)

 

Come across

برخورد کردن با ( به طور ناخواسته)

 

Small

tiny 

ریز

 

minuscule

بسیار کوچک (ولی جذاب)

 

itsy-bitsy

ریزه میزه (محاوره ای امریکایی)

 

world 

globe 

کره خاکی - جهان (صرفا از جای جای کره زمین)

 

cosmos 

گیتی (سرتاسر هستی)

 

universe

کیهان - جهان (به انضمام تمام ستارگان و سیارات)

 

chameleon

lizard

مارمولک

 

iguana 

سوسمار درختی

 

Seed

stone

پوشه - هسته (سفت و بزرگ مثل هسته هلو- بریتانیایی)

 

pit

پوشه -هسته (سفت و بزرگ مثل هلو- آمریکایی)

 

pip

هسته ( ریز و نرم مثل هسته سیب یا پرتقال)

 

kernel

مغز (محتوی درون هسته یا پوشه)

 

Find

detect

یافتن (بویژه چیزی که بسیار دشوار است)

 

spot

پیدا کردن (چیزی بطور ناگهانی- چشم کسی به چیزی افتادن)

 

Mountain 

altitudes

ارتفاعات 

cliff

صخره

 

hill

تپه 

 

Think 

Speculate

حدس زدن

 

Juvenile 

Immature 

نا بالغ

 

Young

جوان - بچه

 

Later 

Thereafter

از آن به بعد

 

Subsequently

متعاقبا / بعدا

 

Fully-grown 

Mature 

بالغ - رسیده 

 

Fully-fledged 

به تکامل رسیده

 

Try

Make an effort

تلاش کردن

 

Endeavor 

جهد کردن

 

Despite 

In the face of 

با وجود

 

Even with

حتی با 

 

Can not 

Fail to 

نتوانستن

 

 

2- Paragraph (1)

  BACK

1- Synonyms (1)

3- Synonyms (2)

4- Paragraph (2)

say they have what could be the reptile in the . It is a kind of and is a sunflower . Chameleons are around 35-40cm long. Scientists two of the tiny lizards - a male and a female - in the in northern Madagascar. They are just 22mm long from nose to tail. The length of the male's body is 13.5mm. At first, the scientists the tiny reptiles were , but realised they were adults. The scientists called the miniature creatures nano-chameleons. The scientists to find more of the nano-chameleons, but "great effort" find any others.

 

 

 

3- Synonyms (2)

Home to

habitat

زیستگاه

Believe

have no doubts

شکی نداشتن

 

give credence to fact that

براین عقیده استوار بودن که

 

Originate

emerge

ظاهر شدن / پدیدار شدن

 

Lucky

Fortunate

خوش شانس

 

Survive

To see another day

یک روز دیگر را تجربه کردن

 

Recently

lately

اخیرا

 

Publish

release

منتشر کردن / آزاد کردن

 

Disappear

vanish

ناپدید شدن

 

Slow down

lose momentum

قدرت یا سرعت چیزی کم شدن

 

Unique

unparalleled

بی نظیر

matchless

بی همتا

 

4- Paragraph (2)

Madagascar is  two-thirds of the world's chameleon species. Scientists they may have there. However, the chameleon's survival is threatened by deforestation on the island. One of the scientists said the nano-chameleons are to . He said: "The nano-chameleon's habitat has unfortunately been subject to deforestation, but the area was placed under protection , so the species will survive." A study by the journal "Nature Climate Change" stated that nearly all of Madagascar's eastern rainforest could by 2070 if deforestation and climate change does not . This would put many of the island's species in danger.

 

Words to focus on:

scientists / reptile / size / sunflower / seed / lizard / mountains / adults / miniature / home / species / survival / lucky / habitat / deforestation / protection / rainforest

 

Related questions:

 

1- Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest threats to animals at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Deforestation
  • Plastic
  • Trade in animal parts
  • Global warming
  • Invasive species
  • Fur trade
  • Hunting
  • Disease

 2- Reading comprehension

  1. What does the article compare the size of the new chameleons to?
  2. How long are chameleons, usually?
  3. Where in Madagascar were the tiny chameleons found?
  4. How long was the body of the male chameleon?
  5. What did the scientists call the tiny chameleons?
  6. How many of the world's chameleon species are in Madagascar?
  7. What is the survival of the chameleons being threatened by?
  8. What did a scientist say the chameleons were lucky to do?
  9. By when might Madagascar lose its eastern rainforests?
  10. What position would climate change put unique species in?

 3- General questions

 

  • What did you think when you read the headline?
  • What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'reptile'?
  • What do you know about reptiles?
  • What reptiles do you like?
  • How are reptiles different from other animals?

 

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